Com дисплей, кириллица.

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Nikan
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Зарегистрирован: 31.12.2016

День добрый.

Может ктото пнет в нужном направлении.

Интересно стало подключить LCD дисплей 2004 и отправлять через программу LCD_Smartie названия треков AIMP3.

Подключил, залил скетч, все норм, единственное дисплей незнает кириллицу, заместо неё кракозябры.

/*
 * Displays text sent over the serial port (e.g. from the Serial Monitor) on
 * an attached LCD.
 * YWROBOT
 *Compatible with the Arduino IDE 1.0
 *Library version:1.1
 */
#include <Wire.h> 
#include <LiquidCrystal_I2C.h>
const int numRows = 4;
const int numCols = 20;
LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x27,20,4);  // set the LCD address to 0x27 for a 16 chars and 2 line display

void setup()
{
  lcd.init();                      // initialize the lcd 
  lcd.backlight();
  Serial.begin(115200);
  lcd.setCursor(0,0);
  lcd.print("  **LCD  SMARTIE**");
  lcd.setCursor(0,1);
  lcd.print("       Smartie");
}

byte serial_getch(){

  int incoming;  
  while (Serial.available()==0){
  }
  // read the incoming byte:
  incoming = Serial.read();

  return (byte) (incoming &0xff);
}

void loop()
{  byte rxbyte;
  byte temp;

  rxbyte = serial_getch();

  if (rxbyte == 254) //Matrix Orbital uses 254 prefix for commands
  {
    switch (serial_getch())
    {
    case 66: //backlight on (at previously set brightness)
      // not implemented       

      break;
    case 70: //backlight off
      // not implemented        
      break;
    case 71:  //set cursor position
      temp = (serial_getch() - 1);  //get column byte
      switch (serial_getch())  //get row byte
      {
        //line 1 is already set up
      case 2:
        temp += 0x40;
        break;
      case 3:
        temp += 0x14;
        break;
      case 4:
        temp += 0x54;
        break;
      default:
        break;
      }
      lcd.command(0b10000000 + temp);
      break;
    case 72:  //cursor home (reset display position)
      lcd.command(2);
      break;
    case 74:  //show underline cursor
      lcd.command(0b00001110);
      break;
    case 75:  //underline cursor off
    case 84:  //block cursor off
      lcd.command(0b00001100);
      break;
    case 76:  //move cursor left
      lcd.command(16);
      break;
    case 77:  //move cursor right
      lcd.command(20);
      break;
    case 78:  //define custom char
      lcd.command(64 + (serial_getch() * 8));  //get+set char address
      for (temp = 7; temp != 0; temp--)
      {
        lcd.print((char)serial_getch()); //get each pattern byte
      }
      break;
    case 83:  //show blinking block cursor
      lcd.command(0b00001111);
      break;
    case 86:  //GPO OFF
      //implement later
      break;
    case 87:  //GPO ON
      /*temp = serial_getch();
              if (temp == 1)
              {
                GPO1 = GPO_ON;
              }*/
      break;
    case 88:  //clear display, cursor home
      lcd.command(1);
      break;
    case 152: //set and remember (doesn't save value, though)
    case 153: //set backlight brightness
      //not implemented
      break;

      //these commands ignored (no parameters)
    case 35: //read serial number
    case 36: //read version number
    case 55: //read module type
    case 59: //exit flow-control mode
    case 65: //auto transmit keypresses
    case 96: //auto-repeat mode off (keypad)
    case 67: //auto line-wrap on
    case 68: //auto line-wrap off
    case 81: //auto scroll on
    case 82: //auto scroll off
    case 104: //init horiz bar graph
    case 109: //init med size digits
    case 115: //init narrow vert bar graph
    case 118: //init wide vert bar graph
      break;
    default:
      //all other commands ignored and parameter byte discarded
      temp = serial_getch();  //dump the command code
      break;
    }
    return;
  } //END OF COMMAND HANDLER

  //change accented char to plain, detect and change descenders
  //NB descenders only work on 5x10 displays. This lookup table works
  //  with my DEM-20845 (Display Elektronik GmbH) LCD using KS0066 chip.
  switch (rxbyte)
  {
    //chars that have direct equivalent in LCD charmap
    /*    case 0x67: //g
          rxbyte = 0xE7;
          break;
        case 0x6A: //j
          rxbyte = 0xEA;
          break;
        case 0x70: //p
          rxbyte = 0xF0;
          break;
        case 0x71: //q
          rxbyte = 0xF1;
          break;
        case 0x79: //y
          rxbyte = 0xF9;
          break;
     */  case 0xE4: //ASCII "a" umlaut
    rxbyte = 0xE1;
    break;
  case 0xF1: //ASCII "n" tilde
    rxbyte = 0xEE;
    break;
  case 0xF6: //ASCII "o" umlaut
    rxbyte = 0xEF; //was wrong in v0.86
    break;
  case 0xFC: //ASCII "u" umlaut
    rxbyte = 0xF5;
    break;

    //accented -> plain equivalent
    //and misc symbol translation
  case 0xA3: //sterling (pounds)
    rxbyte = 0xED;
    break;
    /*    case 0xB0: //degrees symbol
          rxbyte = 0xDF;
          break;
     */  case 0xB5: //mu
    rxbyte = 0xE4;
    break;
  case 0xC0: //"A" variants
  case 0xC1:
  case 0xC2:
  case 0xC3:
  case 0xC4:
  case 0xC5:
    rxbyte = 0x41;
    break;
  case 0xC8: //"E" variants
  case 0xC9:
  case 0xCA:
  case 0xCB:
    rxbyte = 0x45;
    break;
  case 0xCC: //"I" variants
  case 0xCD:
  case 0xCE:
  case 0xCF:
    rxbyte = 0x49;
    break;
  case 0xD1: //"N" tilde -> plain "N"
    rxbyte = 0x43;
    break;
  case 0xD2: //"O" variants
  case 0xD3:
  case 0xD4:
  case 0xD5:
  case 0xD6:
  case 0xD8:
    rxbyte = 0x4F;
    break;
  case 0xD9: //"U" variants
  case 0xDA:
  case 0xDB:
  case 0xDC:
    rxbyte = 0x55;
    break;
  case 0xDD: //"Y" acute -> "Y"
    rxbyte = 0x59;
    break;
    /*    case 0xDF: //beta  //mucks up LCDSmartie's degree symbol??
          rxbyte = 0xE2;
          break;
     */  case 0xE0: //"a" variants except umlaut
  case 0xE1:
  case 0xE2:
  case 0xE3:
  case 0xE5:
    rxbyte = 0x61;
    break;
  case 0xE7: //"c" cedilla -> "c"
    rxbyte = 0x63;
    break;
  case 0xE8: //"e" variants
  case 0xE9:
  case 0xEA:
  case 0xEB:
    rxbyte = 0x65;
    break;
  case 0xEC: //"i" variants
  case 0xED:
  case 0xEE:
  case 0xEF:
    rxbyte = 0x69;
    break;
  case 0xF2: //"o" variants except umlaut
  case 0xF3:
  case 0xF4:
  case 0xF5:
  case 0xF8:
    rxbyte = 0x6F;
    break;
  case 0xF7: //division symbol
    rxbyte = 0xFD;
    break;
  case 0xF9: //"u" variants except umlaut
  case 0xFA:
  case 0xFB:
    rxbyte = 0x75;
    break;
  default:
    break;
  }

  lcd.print((char)rxbyte);  //otherwise a plain char so we print it to lcd
  return;
}

Ок, подключил библиотеку LCD_1602_RUS.h , загрузил пример "SerialToLCD", русские буквы нормально выводятся, но выводится только одна строка само собой.

#include <LCD_1602_RUS.h>

LCD_1602_RUS lcd(0x27, 16, 2);

void setup()
{
  lcd.init();                      // initialize the lcd
  // Print a message to the LCD.
  lcd.backlight();
  lcd.print(L"Ввод с монитора");
  lcd.setCursor(0,1);
  lcd.print(L"порта");
  // initialize the serial communications:
  Serial.begin(9600);
}

void loop() {
  unsigned char str;
  
  // when characters arrive over the serial port...
  if (Serial.available())
  {
    // wait a bit for the entire message to arrive
    delay(100);
    // clear the screen
    lcd.clear();
    lcd.setCursor(0,0);
    // read all the available characters
    while (Serial.available() > 0)
    {
      // display each character to the LCD
      str = Serial.read();
      lcd.print(lcd.asciiutf8(str));//Вывод на экран LCD, в т.ч. по-русски. Перевод из ASCII в UTF-8.
    }
    Serial.println();
  }
}

 

Попытался отредактировать первый код, по аналогии с примером SerialToLCD , котрый идет вместе с библиотекой LCD_1602_RUS.h и не хватает пинка чтоб понять почему русские буквы все равно выводятся кракозябрами.

/*
 * Displays text sent over the serial port (e.g. from the Serial Monitor) on
 * an attached LCD.
 * YWROBOT
 *Compatible with the Arduino IDE 1.0
 *Library version:1.1
 */
#include <Wire.h> 
#include "LCD_1602_RUS.h"
const int numRows = 4;
const int numCols = 20;
LCD_1602_RUS lcd(0x27,20,4);  // set the LCD address to 0x27 for a 16 chars and 2 line display

void setup()
{
  lcd.init();                      // initialize the lcd 
  lcd.backlight();
  Serial.begin(115200);
  lcd.setCursor(0,0);
  lcd.print(L"  **LCD дисплей**");
  lcd.setCursor(0,1);
  lcd.print("       Smartie");
}
                                   
unsigned char serial_getch(){

  int incoming;  
  while (Serial.available()==0){
  }
  // read the incoming byte:
  incoming = Serial.read();

  return (unsigned char) (incoming &0xff);
}

void loop()


{  unsigned char rxbyte;
  unsigned char temp;

  rxbyte = serial_getch();

  if (rxbyte == 254) //Matrix Orbital uses 254 prefix for commands
  {
    switch (serial_getch())
    {
    case 66: //backlight on (at previously set brightness)
      // not implemented       

      break;
    case 70: //backlight off
      // not implemented        
      break;
    case 71:  //set cursor position
      temp = (serial_getch() - 1);  //get column byte
      switch (serial_getch())  //get row byte
      {
        //line 1 is already set up
      case 2:
        temp += 0x40;
        break;
      case 3:
        temp += 0x14;
        break;
      case 4:
        temp += 0x54;
        break;
      default:
        break;
      }
      lcd.command(0b10000000 + temp);
      break;
    case 72:  //cursor home (reset display position)
      lcd.command(2);
      break;
    case 74:  //show underline cursor
      lcd.command(0b00001110);
      break;
    case 75:  //underline cursor off
    case 84:  //block cursor off
      lcd.command(0b00001100);
      break;
    case 76:  //move cursor left
      lcd.command(16);
      break;
    case 77:  //move cursor right
      lcd.command(20);
      break;
    case 78:  //define custom char
      lcd.command(64 + (serial_getch() * 8));  //get+set char address
      for (temp = 7; temp != 0; temp--)
      {
        lcd.print(lcd.asciiutf8(serial_getch())); //get each pattern byte
      }
      break;
    case 83:  //show blinking block cursor
      lcd.command(0b00001111);
      break;
    case 86:  //GPO OFF
      //implement later
      break;
    case 87:  //GPO ON
      /*temp = serial_getch();
              if (temp == 1)
              {
                GPO1 = GPO_ON;
              }*/
      break;
    case 88:  //clear display, cursor home
      lcd.command(1);
      break;
    case 152: //set and remember (doesn't save value, though)
    case 153: //set backlight brightness
      //not implemented
      break;

      //these commands ignored (no parameters)
    case 35: //read serial number
    case 36: //read version number
    case 55: //read module type
    case 59: //exit flow-control mode
    case 65: //auto transmit keypresses
    case 96: //auto-repeat mode off (keypad)
    case 67: //auto line-wrap on
    case 68: //auto line-wrap off
    case 81: //auto scroll on
    case 82: //auto scroll off
    case 104: //init horiz bar graph
    case 109: //init med size digits
    case 115: //init narrow vert bar graph
    case 118: //init wide vert bar graph
      break;
    default:
      //all other commands ignored and parameter byte discarded
      temp = serial_getch();  //dump the command code
      break;
    }
    return;
  } //END OF COMMAND HANDLER

  //change accented char to plain, detect and change descenders
  //NB descenders only work on 5x10 displays. This lookup table works
  //  with my DEM-20845 (Display Elektronik GmbH) LCD using KS0066 chip.
  switch (rxbyte)
  {
    //chars that have direct equivalent in LCD charmap
    /*    case 0x67: //g
          rxbyte = 0xE7;
          break;
        case 0x6A: //j
          rxbyte = 0xEA;
          break;
        case 0x70: //p
          rxbyte = 0xF0;
          break;
        case 0x71: //q
          rxbyte = 0xF1;
          break;
        case 0x79: //y
          rxbyte = 0xF9;
          break;
     */  case 0xE4: //ASCII "a" umlaut
    rxbyte = 0xE1;
    break;
  case 0xF1: //ASCII "n" tilde
    rxbyte = 0xEE;
    break;
  case 0xF6: //ASCII "o" umlaut
    rxbyte = 0xEF; //was wrong in v0.86
    break;
  case 0xFC: //ASCII "u" umlaut
    rxbyte = 0xF5;
    break;

    //accented -> plain equivalent
    //and misc symbol translation
  case 0xA3: //sterling (pounds)
    rxbyte = 0xED;
    break;
    /*    case 0xB0: //degrees symbol
          rxbyte = 0xDF;
          break;
     */  case 0xB5: //mu
    rxbyte = 0xE4;
    break;
  case 0xC0: //"A" variants
  case 0xC1:
  case 0xC2:
  case 0xC3:
  case 0xC4:
  case 0xC5:
    rxbyte = 0x41;
    break;
  case 0xC8: //"E" variants
  case 0xC9:
  case 0xCA:
  case 0xCB:
    rxbyte = 0x45;
    break;
  case 0xCC: //"I" variants
  case 0xCD:
  case 0xCE:
  case 0xCF:
    rxbyte = 0x49;
    break;
  case 0xD1: //"N" tilde -> plain "N"
    rxbyte = 0x43;
    break;
  case 0xD2: //"O" variants
  case 0xD3:
  case 0xD4:
  case 0xD5:
  case 0xD6:
  case 0xD8:
    rxbyte = 0x4F;
    break;
  case 0xD9: //"U" variants
  case 0xDA:
  case 0xDB:
  case 0xDC:
    rxbyte = 0x55;
    break;
  case 0xDD: //"Y" acute -> "Y"
    rxbyte = 0x59;
    break;
    /*    case 0xDF: //beta  //mucks up LCDSmartie's degree symbol??
          rxbyte = 0xE2;
          break;
     */  case 0xE0: //"a" variants except umlaut
  case 0xE1:
  case 0xE2:
  case 0xE3:
  case 0xE5:
    rxbyte = 0x61;
    break;
  case 0xE7: //"c" cedilla -> "c"
    rxbyte = 0x63;
    break;
  case 0xE8: //"e" variants
  case 0xE9:
  case 0xEA:
  case 0xEB:
    rxbyte = 0x65;
    break;
  case 0xEC: //"i" variants
  case 0xED:
  case 0xEE:
  case 0xEF:
    rxbyte = 0x69;
    break;
  case 0xF2: //"o" variants except umlaut
  case 0xF3:
  case 0xF4:
  case 0xF5:
  case 0xF8:
    rxbyte = 0x6F;
    break;
  case 0xF7: //division symbol
    rxbyte = 0xFD;
    break;
  case 0xF9: //"u" variants except umlaut
  case 0xFA:
  case 0xFB:
    rxbyte = 0x75;
    break;
  default:
    break;
  }
    lcd.print(lcd.asciiutf8(rxbyte));  //otherwise a plain char so we print it to lcd
  return;
}